The Covid-19 vaccine is already a reality. Russia began its vaccination campaign at the beginning of December, the United Kingdom began it a week ago; the US had its first vaccination with a nurse.
"This is an important scientific step for the world, as vaccines will be instrumental in the battle against COVID-19," the director-general of the World Health Organization said during a conference last week. "Progress in vaccines encourages us all, and now we can begin to see the light at the end of the tunnel," he added.
However, Debra Goff, an infectious disease pharmacist at Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center, believes that the vaccine "is the first step to help us return to normality before COVID-19," but "it is not the definitive end" of the pandemic. For this reason, it warns that, for a time, it will be necessary to continue to respect the safety measures recommended by the health authorities. "I think people's perception is you get the vaccine and you're safe and finally we can stop all this masking and social distancing and stuff, but that's not actually reality," she warned in a statement to Business Insider.
Actions advised against despite being vaccinated
First, it will be necessary to verify the drug's real effectiveness and, later, to achieve herd immunity to return to complete normality. "If we have the disease in other parts of the world, it is not clear to me that we can go back and do big sporting events or open bars because, like Australia or South Korea, the risk of reinfection is looming. So while I'm in the world, I'm not sure we'll be completely back to normal," Bill Gates said in a recent podcast with Anthony Fauci, America's leading infectious disease expert and actress Rashida Jones.
Fauci added that this herd immunity will be achieved when 75% or 85% of the world's population have been vaccinated. Until then, a series of rules will have to be maintained. For example, Goff points out that we will not be able to stop wearing the mask or skip social distancing because, although the Pfizer and Moderna vaccines protect people from becoming seriously ill from coronavirus, it is still unknown whether they also protect against asymptomatic contracting the virus. , turning them into silent contagious.
Another reason to use the mask is that the vaccine is not effective until 10 or 12 days after receiving the first dose. Even there, it is 52% effective alone. It does not reach its full effectiveness until the administration of the second dose, which is applied three or four weeks later. Also, the vaccines are not 100% effective, so there is a small chance that you can still catch it after receiving both doses of the injection.
It is also not advisable to maintain an overly active social life again, that is, go into bars or mix with large groups of people, especially if they are strangers. This person could be transmitting the virus without knowing it to other people who are not vaccinated. What is now being investigated is whether the vaccine protects against transmission. "Between now and January, we are going to know a lot more. Every day is a new learning experience. We are almost there, but we haven't crossed the finish line," says Debra Goff.
Actions that can be performed with the vaccine
Despite the restrictions that will continue to exist, new actions that were not allowed now can be performed. Relatively standard plans can now be made after spring, experts say. In this way, Christmas 2021 promises to be much better than the one expected in 2020.
Another activity that we can carry out once vaccinated is to take care of a loved one who has been infected. Thus, in the case of living with someone who has coronavirus, we can bring them food and drink, control their temperature and even keep them company. In these situations, it is important to continue using the mask as well to increase protection.