The quarantine of Covid-19 contacts aims to monitor individuals' symptoms and the early detection of cases by restricting their activities and/or the separation of persons who are not ill, but who may have been exposed to an infected person. Quarantine differs from isolation as the latter involves the separation of infected persons from others to prevent the spread of the virus.
Countries should explain plainly and succinctly what necessitates the quarantine measure before its implementation and present proper support to help individuals complete their quarantines safely.
- WHO, governments, respective authorities, media and platforms like Corona Briefer should provide the general public and citizens with precise and reliable quarantine information. At Corona Briefer, we offer clear, up-to-date, transparent, and consistent guidance on measures by utilizing scientific sources and verifying information multiple times.
- If authorities wish people to comply with quarantine measures, they should keep constructive and sustained engagement with communities through effective channels including apps (Corona Briefer will launch its own soon).
- Persons who are quarantined need access to health care as well as to financial, social and psychosocial support; protection; as well as to support to meet their basic needs, including food, water, hygiene, communication and other essentials for themselves and for household members and children who they are supporting or caring for. The needs of vulnerable populations should be prioritized.
- Country-specific or local analyses should assess cultural, geographic and economic factors for more effective quarantine policy implementation. Authorities should focus on the drivers of success and the potential barriers and devise plans for the most appropriate and culturally accepted measures.
Who should be quarantined?
For the current Covid-19 outbreak, WHO recommends quick identification of cases, their isolation, and management in a medical facility or an alternative setting such as the home advising that all contacts of individuals with a confirmed or probable Covid-19 be quarantined in a designated facility or at home for 14 days from their last exposure. A contact is a person involved in any of the following situations from 2 days before and up to 14 days after the onset of symptoms in the confirmed or probable Covid-19 cases:
• a person who had face-to-face contact with a probable or confirmed case of Covid-19 within one meter and for more than 15 minutes
•a person who came into direct physical contact with a probable or confirmed case of Covid-19
• a person who provided direct care for an individual with probable or confirmed Covid-19 without proper personal protective equipment; or
• those involved in other situations as per the local risk assessments.
Corona Briefer recommends this file for more in-depth information about quarantine guidance and this page for basic Covid-19 prevention measures.